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United Nations celebrates a special day to celebrate Mother Earth on 22ndApril. Launched in 1970 with 10000 thousand people, today it covers one billion people in 192 countries. The basic objective is to raise awareness about the obligation of human beings to protect Earth and share its resources with future generations. The theme for 2017 is to create “environment and climate literacy” to empower the knowledge base of common people towards the issue and inspiring them towards actions to defend the Mother Earth.

According to IPCC (International Panel on Climate Change) India is most vulnerable to the impact of climate change adversely impacting the health, economic development and food security. In order to address this challenge of climate change India has evolved a comprehensive plan ‘India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC): Working towards Climate Justice’.  This document addresses the issue holistically including the elements of adaptation, mitigation, finance, green technology and capacity building. While implementing these intended actions, it calls for the right of developing countries for an equitable carbon space to achieve sustainable development and eradication of poverty.

The formation of Rs 3500 million or US Dollar 56 million ‘National Adaptation Fund’ will initiate policies towards renewable energy through multiple initiatives to achieve the target of reducing carbon emissions by 33 to 35 percent by 2030. The main focus is to revisit the National Missions under National Action for Climate Change (NAPCC) with additional missions on wind, health, water and redesigning missions on sustainable agriculture.

The adaptation strategy is directed towards sustainable use o land and water resources. The implementation of soil heath cards across the country, watershed and use of water efficient irrigation programme will pave way towards risk proofing agriculture. The coverage of agricultural insurance of crops though climate change disasters is another initiative that comes to the rescue of farmers.

The mitigation strategies involves generation of clean and green energy by increasing renewable energy capacity form 35 GW (Giga Watt) to 175 GW by 2022. In addition to the National Solar Mission that targets fivefold increase in solar power to 1000 GW, it also aims to develop smart power grids to enhance the efficiency of power transmission and distribution across the country. To cap the wastage of energy consumption a nationwide campaign for energy conservation is launched to save 10 per cent energy consumption.

While these are macro level policies to address the issue of climate change, the government of India has initiated micro projects that have direct benefits accruing to the poorest groups while contributing to saving energy. Under the ministry of Renewable Energy, UJALA scheme is launched in which 22.66 crore LED bulbs are distributed that will save Rs 11776 crores while reducing carbon emission up to 24 Metric tons per year.

Similarly under the ministry of Petroleum free LPG connections are given to women holding BPL cards. The Prime Ministers Ujjwala Yojana has already reached 2 crore households and it aims to reach the target of 5 crores house holds by 2019 with an outlay of Rs 8000 crores. This has direct impact on rural women empowering them by providing easy access to clean energy source that improves their health and reducing the pressure on forest resources as well as reducing the carbon emissions.

The Swaach Bharat Mission is another strategy under which there are initiatives to create energy form the waste in urban areas. Similarly recycling and reuse of waste water is another initiative 23277 millions litre of water per day in 816 sewage treatment plants across the country.  Green India Mission is another initiative to reforest barren land with the annual target of increasing the forest quality and cover in 5 million hectares will sequester 100 million tons of carbon annually.

The traditional Indian culture emphasised the need for harmonious co existence between man and nature. With the concept of “Basudaiv Kutumbakam” all life forms on the Earth is considered as one family and reinforces the concept of interdependence. Before the advent of Mother Earth Day in the modern world, the Vedas and Upanishads considered Earth as our mother and human being as the children. Much before the arrival of climate change crises, our forefathers envisaged the concept of environmental sustainability and to become the trustees of Earth to be passed on to future generations.

It will be appropriate to recall the statement made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi while addressing the United Nations summit in which he said“We should forge a global public partnership to harness technology, innovation and finance to put affordable clean and renewable energy within the reach of all. Equally, we must look for changes in our lifestyles that would make us less dependent on energy and more sustainable in our consumption. It is equally critical to launch a global education programme that prepares our next generation to protect and conserve Mother Earth”.

Thus it is only through creation of environment and climate literacy that will result in global action of changing the life styles that leads to reduction in the carbon emission that we can save Mother Earth.


*Author is an independent journalist and columnist based in Karnataka. 

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  • Recalls bird watcher Master Samsar Chand Kaul’s contribution in env, ecology

JAMMU: Minister of State for Education, Technical Education, Culture, Tourism, Department of Horticulture, Floriculture and Parks, Priya Sethi today called for greater participation of civil society, especially womenfolk who can act as motivators to act against environmental degradation and encroachments of the forests. Speaking during a function held at Press Club of Jammu in remembrance of Bird Watcher, Naturalist, Environmentalist and noted educationist, Master Samsar Chand Kaul, (1883-1977), the Minister stressed on the need to generate mass awareness regarding various aspects of man-animal conflict across the State.

The Minister urged authorities to devise a plan for sensitizing the people about the different methodologies of animal attacks, besides suggesting protective measures for saving their lives. The minister also said that such awareness campaigns should particularly be carried out in those areas where such incidents of animal attacks happen frequently.  “Unless the people are not sensitized, the graph of man-animal conflict cannot be reduced,” She said.

Recalling Master Samsar Chand Kaul’s contribution in environment and ecology, She said that people like him would continue to guide the society and coming generations in environment protection movement. The Minister said that Government is working on making some comprehensive policies over protecting and preserving the forests and wildlife across the State.  The Minister said that a mechanism should be devised to get a wild bird rescue centre that will provide medical care to birds injured. 

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Today we are going to inform you about two schools which are all surround by a big cesspool and the role of these schools is decreasing day by day, as the parents fear if their wards get slipped in this Stagnant polluted water it may prove fatal.  The names of these schools are Govt. High school and sheikul Alam Model school Andergam tehsil Pattan district Baramulla. The school buildings are surrounded with the polluted water, the locals dump their garbage, wastes and even dead animals in the said cesspool. The water smells bad and the water becoming a breeding site of mosquitoes and flies which intrurn spread deadly diseases. In schools students are taught about cleanness and so on, then what would be the impact on the minds of these small children who are receiving education in these schools surrounded by dumping site and a big cesspool which smells foul throughout the year? How would work the lesson of teachers about cleanness when the institution itself is a dirty spot.

The teachers and the students are usually seen covered their mouths with the masks to get rid of this bad smell. Students and teachers are unable to reach their classrooms via this water pool so they use wooden logs and boulders to cross over this big pit which is very much dangerous and risky to cross over by the students especially by the small kids.

We are writing this article with the intent of informing to the concerned authorities that the two school buildings have been erected in low lying area. Due to incessant rains and snow during winters this area remains water logged during most of the summer season and it becomes breeding site for some infectious flies and mosquitoes that are carriers of some life threatening diseases. Besides, foul smell of the stagnant water brings nuisance both to staff members and students at large. Moreover the problem of garbage dumping has made the situation go from bad to worse. All this situation leaves a chance to epidemics to spread over.

Had the contractors who worked on the construction levelled the ground before erection of the building or had the government (responsible authority) inspected the site at the time of the need the situation must have been different. But who cares, they are busy in collecting the money by any means and what happens next they don’t care about. All the waste and polluted water from the catchment areas gets collected in this big pit and it has turned the school into the island surrounded by the dirty water. For last 3 years we are consistently approaching to knock the doors of the concerned authorities to get the problem solved but in response we only got always fake and hollow promises from them.

The role of these institutions is decreasing day by day because the parents don’t like to put the lives and health of their wards in danger. To save the wards, most of the parents do shift their children to other institutions but the only poor people are there who cannot afford for doing the same. There remains only a single solution for such poor people to stop their children from schooling.

Now the problem has become so much serious that we fear that someday a serious incident may happen to occur and then it would be decided who is responsible for that incidentIt is request to the concerned DC, SDM, BDO, CEO and the concerned ZEO to intervene in this havoc problem before it gets late. In that case if any untoward incident happens due to this stagnant and dirty water concerned authorities of that jurisdiction will be held responsible. It is also requested to media personals, the concerned minister and the MLA that please help us in solving this serious issue as soon as possible. We are now fed up with the hollow and the fake promises of the Government and the concerned authorities….                                                                                       


                                                       COURTSY BY: ANDERGAM YOUTH DEVELOPMENT  ASSOCIATION