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History is not only distorted by conquerors; but it is also distorted by people of occupied territories. Both occupiers and occupied may have different reasons for distorting historical facts.  For example, some leaders of the occupied people, political activists or people belonging to resistant movement could tell people exaggerated stories of bravery and heroism to keep up the morale of the occupied people.  Furthermore, some people from the occupied territory could be eulogizing their relatives and friends to boost the morale of their tribe or family; or to demonstrate how brave their elders were.

More I look into this matter, more myths I confront. At one time in a small place like Valley of Kashmir, there were around 150 Commanders in Chief fighting India. This should be compared with the fact that in real life each country, no matter how big or powerful it is, has only one Commander in Chief. But in Kashmir Valley there were around 150 militant groups and each group had a Commander in Chief. Officers spend their lives in army to become a General or a Commander in Chief. In Kashmir, anyone with half dozen militants with very basic training and few pistols and some AK47 rifles could have one Commander in Chief.
Last week I had a chat with a man who claimed to be a grandson of ‘Major General Raja Sakhi Delair Khan’. I politely told him that Sakhi Delair was not a Major General. He strongly disagreed with me and asserted that his information was true. Again I politely said some soldiers during the 1947 war promoted themselves to officer ranks within months, as there was no proper command and control system in place. 
At that time he asserted his grandfather was a Major General in the British Indian Army before the partition of India. He said he will provide me evidence and increase my knowledge on the subject. I knew for sure he was not a Major General even in Azad Kashmir army or in Pakistan army; and it was out of question that he was a Major General in the British Indian army; however, I didn’t want to hurt sentiments and pride of a grandson of Sakhi Delair Khan. I said I will investigate this matter and will inform him.
Sakhi Delair Khan, was he a Major General?
Sakhi Delair Khan belonged to Mangral tribe of Rajpoots, and hailed from Sehnsa which is in District Kotli. He served in the British Indian Army during the Second World War. He also served under Major MK Mirza. Major Mirza served as an Instructor in Royal Military School, Sarai Alamgir, near Jhelum; and many of his students became brilliant officers.
Before going any further, I feel it is pertinent to give account of how people earned military ranks or promoted each other in the war of 1947. Justice Yusuf Saraf, who researched on history and struggle of Jammu and Kashmir and produced two lengthy volumes, wrote:
‘I was told by a senior army officer that in the beginning of 1948 when he was on the Rajouri sector, a soldier in the rear, at distance of 10 to 15 miles, was supervising the despatch of supplies and sending a signed chit with each supply, detailing the material. In the morning when he sent the first chit, he signed it as a sepoy - a soldier with no rank, but gradually started building up his rank; when the last consignment was received at the other end in the evening, the soldier had signed the chit as Major.’ 1
Another example is narrated by Major General Akbar Khan, who writes: ‘Around Poonch two rival commanders had set up headquarters, both submitting reports to GHQ Azad, one signing himself as Captain and the other as Major. Then they promoted themselves to Major and Colonel. Then to Colonel and Brigadier, and so on, until both of them became Field Marshals’. 2
While Major M K Mirza who lived in Jhelum was away from home, Sakhi Delair Khan visited his house and left a message with his son. On Major Mirza’s return his son told him that Major General Sakhi Delair Khan came to see him. Major Mirza could not locate this name with the rank of Major General. Later on he discovered that it was Sakhi Delair Khan who visited his house, and left the message.
In the environment where his colleagues were promoting themselves to higher ranks, Sakhi Delair Khan did not want to remain behind; and he also ‘assumed the rank of Major General.3 During the battle for control of Pallandari, in order to out manoeuvre his opponents in a competition of ranks, it is reported that he was ‘made Commander in Chief and a War Council was set up with Captain Khan Mohammed Khan as President’. 4 
Sakhi Delair Khan was not a Major General, or even a commissioned army officer; but that doesn't mean he did not command people or did not exhibit bravery and leadership. No doubt he was a brave man; and played a significant role in capturing many important posts including strategically important Azad Patan Bridge, Sarsawa etc. Sakhi Delair Khan risked his life many times, and moved fast to surprise his enemies. Also he played an important role in wars of Kotli and Pallandari; so he deserves respect and praise.
There are scores of other people in Jammu and Kashmir who were given titles, or they assumed titles themselves. These people did not deserve these titles. For example, how Sardar Abdul Qayyum Khan, Sardar Ibrahim Khan, Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas and many others on both sides of the divide deserve the titles they were given or assumed?
If we critically and impartially look at the events of that time and analyse roles performed by some people, they should have been punished for siding with our neighbours and working against interests and sovereignty of the State of Jammu and Kashmir. A man elects to join the army of Jammu and Kashmir, and takes oath of allegiance to be faithful to the State and the Maharaja. He receives uniform, training, weapons, food and a salary for his services; and when a difficult time comes he sides with those who want to occupy Jammu and Kashmir and destroy Rule of the Maharaja. For his act of betraying his oath and trust, should he be regarded as a hero, a patriot or something else?
I leave this matter to the conscience of the people.
1. Kashmiris Fight for Freedom, Justice Yusuf Saraf, Vol 2, page 878
2. Raiders In Kashmir, Major General Akbar Khan, page 94
3. Justice Yusuf Saraf, page 878
4. Ibid, page 881
Writer is a political analyst, TV anchor and author of many books and booklets. Also he is Director Institute of This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it." target="_blank" rel="noreferrer">KashmirAffairs.Email:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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S. O. S. International

An Organization for Displaced Persons from PoK (Regd.)

 Head Quarters: - 451 - Bakshi Nagar, Jammu-180001, J&K State, India

Ph. / Fax: 2581412, Mob. 94191-91412. Email:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Hon’ble The Governor of J&K,



Subject: - Nomination of eight members to the Legislative Council of the State under Section 50 of the Constitution of J&K.


Hon’ble Sir,              


I have the privilege to bring to your Honours kind notice, the Constitutional Provisions engrafted under Section 50 of the Constitution of J&K by the founding fathers of the Constitution, wherein, under sub-section (6) of Section 50, it has been categorically and unequivocally provided that eight members shall be nominated to the Legislative Council of the State Legislature by the Governor and not more than three of whom shall be persons belonging to any of the Socially or economically backward classes in the State, and the remaining five shall be persons, having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of matters such as Literature, Science, Art, Cooperative Movement and Social Service. Hon’ble Sir, the experience in the past has shown that all the political parties irrespective of their name and ideology have in sheer violation of the aforesaid Constitutional Provisions, by and large recommended the names of those persons for nomination to the Legislative Council, who are actively associated in Politics and preferably the candidates / Political workers of the Ruling Party. It is further to bring to your kind notice, that names of those persons are recommended for nomination to the Legislative Council, who are denied the mandate by the parties either for parliamentary or legislative elections, or, in the assembly elections and even defeated candidates in the parliamentary or assembly elections, just to accommodate their political workers.


Hon’ble Sir, the Constitutional Provisions, engrafted by the founding fathers in Section 50 of the Constitution of J&K, with particular reference to sub-section (6) were incorporated with a clear object of nominating persons with eminence having, special knowledge or practical experience in matters, such as, Literature, Science, Art, Cooperative Moment and Social Service, so that such persons could contribute their practical experience and knowledge in the proceedings of the Council, which form basis for various enactments governing the Society and instead, as already submitted, all the political parties irrespective of their names and ideologies are violating the aforesaid provisions with impunity and are recommending the names of those persons who have nothing to do either with Literature, Science, Art, Cooperative Movement and Social Service, on account of which, the persons with eminence and possessing practical knowledge in the aforesaid field are denied nomination to the Legislative Council.


Hon’ble Sir, there is no dearth of the persons in the State of J&K, having special knowledge in the field stated hereinabove, and if only those persons are nominated to the Legislative Council, not only the constitutional provisions would be observed - instead of being breached, but on the contrary the Society as a whole shall be benefits with their vast experience in their respective fields.


Hon’ble Sir, I hope and trust that, Your Honour will not allow the violation of the Constitutional Provisions by any of the Political Parties, while recommending the names for nomination to the Legislative Council - except those persons having special knowledge or practical experience in the matter, such as, Literature, Science, Art, Cooperative Movement and Social Service – and in case, any of the political party recommends persons, other than the persons as are specified under sub-section (6) of Section 50 of the Constitution of J&K, Your Honour is expected to act strictly in accordance with the Constitutional Provisions, as has been done recently, while dealing with the recommendations made  by the Govt. for appointment of Chairman / Members of J&K Public Service Commission (PSC), which action was an eye opener for all the Political Parties.    


Thanking you.

Yours sincerely,


 (Rajiv Chuni)





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Tablets and iPods no longer fascinate youths. Living in a techno-era has made everything easy but at the same time, these so-called techs have killed the zeal of life. Forget gadgets, and flaunting selfies on Facebook. The latest ‘in thing’, is Jihad. No longer liking the battle grounds of what thousands of video and computer games are offering, today’s youths want the real deal. This week, two teenagers aged 16 and 17 were stopped at the Sydney International Airport from leaving the country.

The authorities closed in on these two brothers as they were allegedly going to join ISIS’s battle grounds in Syria. The boys are following in the footsteps of those youths that believe that extremism is cool. Automatic rifles, grenades and mortars add to the field excitement that they anticipate. Similar alarming reports are coming in from USA, Canada, Sweden and other European countries.

Last year, the ISIS recruitment video highlighted young British Muslims being members of their group. This created a global concern with a number of countries such as France and Canada monitoring its young citizens. Counterterrorism Units around the world have been alerted but to no avail as more and more youngsters make way to Syria and Iraq. Terrorism analysts say that those who join want to create a masculine image and identity of themselves. The machomania and the promise of adventure works on the youths in the same manner that magnets pull sand grains!

Standing in front of death in the battle ground drains all the adrenaline. Nothing is left. The sense of ‘brotherhood’ is gone as it becomes an individual game of saving one’s head. Many youths that have returned safely back to the comfort of their families describe the horror of the war. Some have been scarred with images of mutilated bodies and dying innocents and some will have depression for life because of the wrong decision they made. It will haunt them again and again. With such stories emerging, why do youths continue to go out there? This is a big question which even physiatrists are not able to answer!

In the name of Islam, terrorist groups such as ISIS have been misleading youths into the dark. Such groups have been labeled as traitors of the religion and to humanity as a whole. No religion tolerates nor propagates terror. Wars are becoming bloodier and more and more destructive. If this problem is not rooted, it will become a threat to global civilization. Jihad is very much part and parcel of Islam, not only Islam, but the overall humanization as a whole. It’s all about struggling with oneself and achieving the best. The inner struggle between good and bad, resisting the temptations of this world for something that is much better, this is jihad in the true sense and has also been highlighted in the Al-Quran. Misinterpretations and those who want to give Islam a bad name have darkened the term ‘jihad’ and Islam.  Keeping this in mind, Islamic leaders world over are urging Muslims and interested persons to pursue Islam in its entirety. The religion of Islam is free off violence and extremism.